Электрокоагуляторы и их предназначение

Электрокоагулятором называется медицинский прибор, который может вырабатывать высокочастотный ток. Он активно используется в разных хирургических операциях.

Как устроен аппарат?

Данный аппарат довольно простой. Основной его частью является корпус, питающийся от электросети и производящий переменный высокочастотный ток.

Работа аппарата регулируется переключателями, которые располагаются на корпусе.

К проводу, отходящему от корпуса, подсоединяют рабочую часть прибора — электрод. Он может быть представлен в разной форме и осуществлять различные функции. В большинстве случаев применяют электроды, похожие на иглу или пинцет, они удобны в рассечении тканей.

Когда электрод контактирует с тканями, будь то эпидермис, внутренние органы, слизистая оболочка и другие, высокочастотный ток способствует их сильному нагреву и прижиганию.

Каким изменениям в тканях организма способствует электрод?

В хирургической области высокочастотный ток применяет такие качества:

Электрокоагулятор способен рассекать ткани подобно скальпелю, на этом основана технология электроножа в хирургии.

Контакт аппарата с сосудами способствует их прижиганию, что обеспечивает остановку кровотечения.

У данного аппарата в некоторой мере имеются дезинфицирующие свойства, ведь он ликвидирует бактерии.

Высокочастотный ток может уничтожать даже клетки опухоли.

В какой области применяется электрокоагулятор?

Данный аппарат используют в таких медицинских направлениях:

В общей хирургии он выступает в роли скальпеля и разных методов гомеостаза — ликвидации кровопотери в ходе хирургической операции. Электрокоагулятором легко рассекать ткани, края разреза ровные и моментально устраняется кровотечение.

Рассечению электрокоагулятором не поддаётся только кожный покров, из-за того, что на обоженном крае кожи тяжело будет сформировать красивый шов.

Эндоскопическая хирургия

Электрокоагуляторы могут использоваться даже в процессе эндоскопической хирургической операции.

Дерматология. В данном случае электрокоагуляторы имеют широкий спектр действия. С его помощью можно избавиться от родинок, гемангиом, фибромы, бородавок и других проблем.

В гинекологии высокочастотный ток также помогает удалить различные образования, возникающие на слизистой оболочке женского детородного органа и на коже полового органа.

В сосудистой хирургии — это лучший метод остановки кровопотери.

В нейрохирургии аппарат применяется при хирургических операциях, проводимых на черепе и головном мозге.

Электрокоагулятором лечат Лор-органы, проводят урологические операции, используют в ортопедии и травматологии. Не обходятся без данного устройства и в кардиохирургии и челюстно-лицевой хирургии.

Какие ограничения имеются в применении электрокоагулятора?

В ходе проведения операций с использованием электрокоагулятора запрещается применять эфирный наркоз в операционной и иные газы, которые могут воспламениться.

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